Double-flow focused liquid injector for efficient serial femtosecond crystallography Oberthuer, Dominik
Wiedorn, Max O.
Beyerlein, Kenneth R.
Bushnell, David A.
Kovaleva, Elena G. [u.v.m.]
Double-flow focused liquid injector for efficient serial femtosecond crystallography
Serial femtosecond crystallography requires reliable and efficient delivery of fresh crystals across the beam of an X-ray free-electron laser over the course of an experiment. We introduce a double-flow focusing nozzle to meet this challenge, with significantly reduced sample consumption, while improving jet stability over previous generations of nozzles. We demonstrate its use to determine the first room-temperature structure of RNA polymerase II at high resolution, revealing new structural details. Moreover, the double flow-focusing nozzles were successfully tested with three other protein samples and the first room temperature structure of an extradiol ring-cleaving dioxygenase was solved by utilizing the improved operation and characteristics of these devices.
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