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Small rodents as paratenic or intermediate hosts of carnivore parasites in Berlin, Germany
Krücken, Jürgen ;  Blümke, Julia ;  Maaz, Denny ;  Demeler, Janina ;  Ramünke, Sabrina ;  Antolová, Daniela ;  Schaper, Roland ;  von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Georg

HaupttitelSmall rodents as paratenic or intermediate hosts of carnivore parasites in Berlin, Germany
AutorKrücken, Jürgen
AutorBlümke, Julia
AutorMaaz, Denny
AutorDemeler, Janina
AutorRamünke, Sabrina
AutorAntolová, Daniela
AutorSchaper, Roland
Autorvon Samson-Himmelstjerna, Georg
Seitenzahl22 Seiten
DDC630 Landwirtschaft, Veterinärmedizin
Auch erschienen inPLoS ONE 12(3): e0172829
ZusammenfassungRodents are important intermediate and paratenic hosts for carnivore parasites, including the important zoonotic agents Toxoplasma, Echinococcus and Toxocara. Monitoring of such parasites in rodents can be used to detect increasing risks for human and veterinary public health. Rodents were trapped at four sites in Berlin, two near the city center, two at the periphery. PCRs were conducted to detect Coccidia (target ITS-1) and specifically Toxoplasma gondii (repetitive element) in brain and ascarids (ITS-2) in muscle or brain tissue. During necropsies, metacestodes were collected and identified using ITS-2 and 12S rRNA PCRs. An ELISA to detect antibodies against Toxocara canis ES antigens was performed. Within the 257 examined rodents, the most frequently observed parasite was Frenkelia glareoli predominantly found in Myodes glareolus. T. gondii was only detected in 12 rodents and Microtus spp. (although strongly underrepresented) had a significantly increased chance of being positive. Neither Echinococcus nor typical Taenia parasites of dogs and cats were found but Mesocestoides litteratus and Taenia martis metacestodes were identified which can cause severe peritoneal or ocular cysticercosis in dogs, primates and humans. Using PCR, the ascarids T. canis (n = 8), Toxocara cati (4) and Parascaris sp. (1) were detected predominantly in muscles. Seroprevalence of T. canis was 14.2% and ELISA was thus more sensitive than PCR to detect infection with this parasite. Non-parametric multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis revealed that parasite communities could be grouped into an urban and a peri-urban cluster with high frequency of ascarid-positive rodents in urban and high frequency of F. glareoli in peri-urban sites. Prevalence rates of parasites in rodents with potential impact for human or veterinary public health are considerable and the monitoring of transmission cycles of carnivore parasites in intermediate rodent hosts is recommended to estimate the health risks arising from wild and domesticated carnivores
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Fachbereich/EinrichtungFB Veterinärmedizin
Arbeitsbereich/InstitutInstitut für Parasitologie und Tropenveterinärmedizin
Erscheinungsjahr2017
Dokumententyp/-SammlungenWissenschaftlicher Artikel
SpracheEnglisch
RechteCreative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Anmerkungen des AutorsGefördert durch die DFG und den Open-Access-Publikationsfonds der Freien Universität Berlin.
Erstellt am03.04.2017 - 15:01:44
Letzte Änderung03.04.2017 - 15:05:03
 
Statische URLhttp://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/receive/FUDOCS_document_000000026771
DOI10.1371/journal. pone.0172829
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