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Uneven treatment of family life?
Bönke, Timm ;  Eichfelder, Sebastian ;  Utz, Stephen ;  Universität <Berlin, Freie Universität> / Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft

Main titleUneven treatment of family life?
SubtitleHorizontal equity in the U.S. tax and transfer system
AuthorBönke, Timm
AuthorEichfelder, Sebastian
AuthorUtz, Stephen
InstitutionUniversität <Berlin, Freie Universität> / Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft
No. of Pages35 S.
Series Discussion paper / School od Business & Economics ; 2012/18 : Economics
Keywordshorizontal equity; family taxation; distributive justice; tax and transfer system; equivalent income; equivalent income taxation
Classification (DDC)336 Public finance
AbstractWe analyze the distributive justice of the combined burden of income taxes, social security taxes and public transfers on employee households in the United States on the federal level and in six member states. To investigate whether the treatment of families by the aggregate tax and transfer system can be regarded as “fair”, we compare the equivalent incomes of eight different household types. Using the concepts of horizontal equity and system-inherent equivalence scales, we find evidence for a privileged treatment of families with children and a low market income due to the earned income tax credit (EIC), the child tax credit and the supplemental nutrition assistance program (SNAP). If employment taxes are interpreted as taxes in the proper sense, we obtain a favorable treatment of family households and especially married couples for middle-sized market incomes. For high market incomes, we observe a decreasing privilege for all family types. Regarding state tax and transfer systems, temporary aid for needy families (TANF) substantially increases the observed privilege for low-income families compared to singles, while the analyzed state income taxes are generally in line with the federal tax scheme. Overall, our results imply a significant contradiction in value judgments within the U.S. tax and transfer system.
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FU DepartmentDepartment Business and Economics
Other affiliation(s)Öffentliche Finanzen und Sozialpolitik
Year of publication2012
Type of documentBook
LanguageEnglish
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Created at2012-08-27 : 10:17:59
Last changed2014-01-23 : 04:20:22
 
Static URLhttp://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/receive/FUDOCS_document_000000014402
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