Institutional challenges to developing a Nigerian climate policy Koblowsky, PeterIfejika Speranza, ChinweFreie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik
Institutional challenges to developing a Nigerian climate policy
Ifejika Speranza, Chinwe
Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik
This paper discusses the structural basis and practice of creating a climate policy framework in Nigeria.
The roles of existing and planned institutions and legal frameworks are discussed, as well as how
they foster or hinder the design of policies and implementation of climate responses at the domestic
and international levels. Data has been collected between autumn 2009 and spring 2010. The paper
combines literature review with empirical data from interviews of various actors in the Nigerian climate
Various actors including the federal and state governments, civil society and private sector interest
groups as well as the Nigerian oil sector are working conjointly on the elaboration of political frameworks
and on the realisation of a multitude of individual projects focused on climate change. The paper
examines the role of the institutional framework compassing this multitude of stakeholders for the
creation of a sustainable climate policy in Nigeria, thereby discussing and referring to literature on
institutional governance in the environment sector and institutional change for sustainability.
Currently, there is a lack of cohesion between political initiatives and institutions, and a weak implementation
of environmental laws and directives. Although becoming a topic of increasing political
interest, a policy framework on climate change is still nonexistent for Nigeria – caused not least by
diverging lines of interest between participating institutions. The paper shows that once awareness
about climate change has been created, there is a danger of the proliferation of institutions and actors
addressing the various dimensions of climate change. This proliferation highlights the lack of coordination
between various government entities and their struggle to gain/retain influence over the national
climate policy, thereby slowing down the design and implementation of responses to mitigate
and adapt to climate change. Suggestions are made on how the barriers to climate policy development
and implementation in Nigeria can be overcome.
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