Benefit sharing mechanisms and governance issues in participatory forest management-REDD related projects Tassa, Dominic T. Re, Riccardo da Secco, Laura Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik
Benefit sharing mechanisms and governance issues in participatory forest management-REDD related projects
a community forest case-study in Tanzania
Tassa, Dominic T.
Re, Riccardo da
Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik
Benefit sharing; Governance; Reduced Emission from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD); Participatory Forest Management (PFM); Community Forest; Tanzania
630 Landwirtschaft, Veterinärmedizin
The current debate on climate change, especially with respect to the role of REDD projects and the push for
the recognition of community (participatory) forest management as a carbon mitigation option represents a
potential for communities to receive benefits from carbon sequestration. A recent study in Tanzania has
estimated that communities can receive financial benefits in thousands of US$ annually from the sale of their
forest carbon credits. This notwithstanding, such kind of projects is expected to generate potential social and
environmental costs with related risks of conflicts if benefit sharing and governance issues are not well
addressed. However the identification and prioritization as well as the economic value of all these benefits
and costs are still premature. An understanding of what these expected benefits from sustainable forest
management and REDD projects are, how their (total) value can be assessed and who are stakeholders and
actors in participatory forest management (PFM) can be useful in formulating equitable benefit sharing
mechanisms based on principles of “good governance” that could be adopted in REDD projects
implementation. The paper deals with these topics on the basis of empirical results based on a participatory
action research carried out in the Angai Village Land Forest Reserve, Liwale District, in Tanzania in 2010.
Guidelines for formulating governance mechanisms to reduce risks of negative social consequences and
enhance benefits from PFM_REDD projects for local forest resources management are proposed. Equitable
benefit sharing in PFM is considered one of the most important issues for community cohesion and conflicts
solving/managing and in the avoidance of leakage or other risks in REDD projects.
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