Nigeria's changing environment and pastoral nomadism
Azuwike, Okechi Dominic ;  Enwerem, Evan ;  Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik

Main titleNigeria's changing environment and pastoral nomadism
Subtitleredistribution of pains and gains
AuthorAzuwike, Okechi Dominic
AuthorEnwerem, Evan
InstitutionFreie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik
No. of Pages15 S.
Classification (DDC)300 Social sciences
AbstractNigeria’s peasant cattle production is based in its semi-arid north. The area’s aridity
becomes a major problem to cattle in the dry season. Herds are protected by bringing them
down to the southern parts that are usually wetter at such times. Presence of tsetse fly in
the south, particularly in the rainy season precludes sustained all year round grazing in the
south. This sets the stage for migration back to the north at the onset of rains in the south.
A number of social events has been observed that suggest possible change in the way this
transhumance is conducted. The Fulani herders from northern Nigeria appear to be staying
longer in the south. They are also turning sedentary and pressurizing local resources and
farmlands more intensely leading to violent and deadly conflicts with their local farming
hosts in the south. On the other hand, some southern farmers now have successful cattle
production enterprises based on the tsetse fly prone Fulani cattle breeds. This study seeks
to find out if these trends indicate a negatively changed northern environment that is
turning more hostile to peasant cattle production and promoting greater pressures on the
south. It also seeks to finds out if the trends show a positive change in the environment of
southern Nigeria in terms of a changed tsetse fly habitat and decline in its populations. The
study is approached through surveys involving the Fulani herdsmen operating in southern
Nigeria and their host communities. Results indicate a paradigm shift in understanding of
ethnic clashes in Nigeria in the light of environmental change; some positive effects of
environmental change; that positive environmental change may lead to negative social
impacts. They also show that internal migration in Nigeria is largely environment
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FU DepartmentProceedings of the Berlin Conferences on   Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change
Year of publication2010
Type of documentConferencepresentation
Terms of use/Rights Nutzungsbedingungen
Authors commentsF6: Social Consequences of Environmental Change
Created at2010-11-11 : 01:52:40
Last changed2015-02-27 : 08:25:45
Static URLhttp://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/receive/FUDOCS_document_000000007008