When regulatory co-production is too narrow
Upham, Paul ;  Tomei, Julia ;  Dendler, Leonie ;  Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik

Main titleWhen regulatory co-production is too narrow
SubtitleCarbon and sustainability reporting under UK biofuel certifications regulations
Title variationsRegulatory co-production and legitimacy: carbon and sustainability reporting under UK biofuel certification regulations
AuthorUpham, Paul
AuthorTomei, Julia
AuthorDendler, Leonie
InstitutionFreie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik
No. of Pages25 S.
KeywordsBiofuels; Sustainability certification; Co-production of regulation; Governance
Classification (DDC)320 Political science
AbstractBiofuel policy has become highly contentious in Europe, driven by the Biofuels Directive (2003/30/EC), which requires that “biofuels or other renewable fuels” constitute 5.75% of the energy content of petrol and diesel sold for transport in member states by 2010. Here we examine the environmental and social sustainability components of the expression of this directive in UK law via the 2008 UK Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO).

We find that commercial and energy security priorities have dominated the design of carbon and sustainability performance management under the RTFO. As an environmental management tool, the RTFO is exceptionally weak, being a reporting standard rather than a performance or design standard. While it will in some ways be strengthened by the Renewable Energy Directive (RED), significant concerns remain in relation to the sourcing of biomass for energy under the RED.

RTFO certification is of a meta-type, being built upon existing certification and labelling schemes (e.g. the Roundtable on Responsible Soy, Forest Stewardship Council, Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil and others), all of which are more or less contested by NGOs. Yet despite claiming legitimacy from these non-state initiatives, the serious concerns of environment and development NGOs have been largely ignored in regulatory terms. We draw on documentary evidence, interviews and the science in policy literature, notably ideas on regulatory co-production and post-normal science, as well as concepts of regulatory and market legitimacy, to suggest that until critical voices are given a stronger expression in UK and EC biofuel policy, biofuel policy cannot be said to have achieved a social mandate or a durable legitimacy.
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FU DepartmentProceedings of the Berlin Conferences on   Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change
Year of publication2010
Type of documentConferencepresentation
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Created at2010-11-11 : 02:25:03
Last changed2015-02-27 : 08:25:42
Static URLhttp://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/receive/FUDOCS_document_000000006955