"When the earth bleeds"
Raheem, Usman Adebimpe ;  Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik

Main title"When the earth bleeds"
Subtitleoil exploitation, deprivation and environmental justice in Nigeria
Title variationsOur "Earth" bleeds : oil exploitation, deprivation and environmental justice in Nigeria
AuthorRaheem, Usman Adebimpe
InstitutionFreie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik
No. of Pages16 S.
Classification (DDC)320 Political science
AbstractThe phenomenon of oil exploitation and the pervasive deprivation in the Nigeria Niger Delta are
eloquent demonstrations of the link between environmental problems and social injustices.
Conflicts have erupted in a bid to protest the observed level of deprivation and poverty. This
paper examines the relationship between oil exploitation in the Niger-Delta vis-à-vis the
deprivation and poverty suffered by its people. The paper is structured to examine the political
economy of resource exploitation and utilization in an oil rich country like Nigeria. It posits that
more than anything else, the causes of conflicts and strifes in Nigeria revolve around what the
land contains. The structure of the paper includes an introduction and the background of Nigeria
as containing groups of autonomous people brought together during colonialism through a
geographical marriage of inconvenience. The section also examines the rich ecological
resources of the country. The second section is an overview of environmental resource
exploitation and distribution as well as the principles underlying these. In the third section, the
paper examines the phenomena of poverty and deprivation in the country particularly in the oil
bearing Niger Delta. Using a welfarist perspective, the paper reveals a lopsided resource
distribution that suggests an inversion of benefits, the higher the level of environmental resource
available to a region thus establishing the inevitability of conflict and violence among the
deprived communities. As a way forward, the paper canvasses for a shift in the paradigm of
resource distribution for the adoption of social and environmental justice. The benefits of this
paradigm are overwhelming but the challenge for the country is the taming of the bourgeoning
capitalism and its class structure. To achieve justice-social and environmental- orientation of
leaders and followers must change. This shift is urgently required as a reconciliatory paradigm
in Nigeria.
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FU DepartmentProceedings of the Berlin Conferences on   Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change
Year of publication2010
Type of documentConferencepresentation
Terms of use/Rights Nutzungsbedingungen
Authors commentsB6: Environment and Security: Discourses and Evidence
Created at2010-11-11 : 04:12:47
Last changed2015-02-27 : 08:25:42
Static URLhttp://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/receive/FUDOCS_document_000000006954