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Three years after
Kreutzmann, Hermann ;  Schütte, Stefan ;  Zentrum für Entwicklungsländerforschung <Berlin>

Main titleThree years after
Subtitleevaluation of the GRC/ICRC livestock programme in the earthquake-affected areas of Pakistan-administered Kashmir
EditorKreutzmann, Hermann
EditorSchütte, Stefan
InstitutionZentrum für Entwicklungsländerforschung <Berlin>
No. of PagesVII, 101 S.
Series Berlin geographical papers ; 36
Classification (DDC)300 Social sciences
AbstractThree years after the devastating earthquake in Pakistan-administered Kashmir most relief
and development programmes have gradually cut down their activities to help local communities
recuperate from the disaster. In the immediate aftermath of the October 8th,
2005 earthquake a number of national and international relief organisations engaged in
activities to support local communities. These activities have only rarely been evaluated to
determine whether they had a mid-range or longer-lasting impact on the livelihoods of the
affected people.
The report presented here is the result of an impact assessment of a livestock project implemented
in the earthquake affected areas by the German Red Cross (GRC) in collaboration
with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). This assessment was a joint
effort of the relief and development activities executed by GRC/ ICRC, and academia from
the Centre for Development Studies in the Institute of Geographic Sciences at Freie Universität
Berlin. The participatory evaluation involved experienced staff from the Red Cross
and representatives of village communities from the four Union Councils in Muzaffarabad
District that were severely affected by the earthquake. Both acted as valuable knowledge
resources, interpreters and mediators in focus group discussions and expert interviews that
were conducted during the three weeks of fieldwork between March 18 and April 2, 2009.
The learning experience during the mission changed the perspectives and insights of eight
master and diploma students and their supervisors from the Centre of Development Studies
at Freie Universität Berlin.
The prime objective of this joint programme was to evaluate the impact of a livestock
package that intended to augment the livelihoods and provide a resource base for families
affected by the earthquake, going beyond sheer disaster relief efforts and moving towards
more sustainable development. The second objective was to identify achievements and
short-comings of the livestock package in order to identify lessons-learned for future economic
and social programmes in the context of post-disaster interventions.
The results presented in this report are encouraging and differentiated. For all participants
it was a learning experience. This included the major challenge of determining how to
evaluate the impact of a single package on the overall development of households and rural
communities. The complex system of household economies and the variable sets of income
sources, activities directed towards domestic sustenance and market production
posed an intellectual challenge for the design of concepts and methods. In our approach
we tried to understand and address these complexities by identifying different scenarios at
the household level. From the aggregation of data it became obvious that certain households
were better prepared to adopt and utilize offers such as the livestock package than
others. The identification of eligible households with potential for success can be regarded
as one of the great challenges of the programme. A second - sometimes rather neglected
aspect - is the careful selection of suitable breeds of animals and the logistical burden of
making the link between providers and receivers of improved livestock. Overall this evaluation
found the GRC/ICRC project to have been planned and implemented with a high degree
of understanding and consideration for the earthquake victims.
I would like to thank Dr. Erhard Bauer form the German Red Cross for conceiving the idea
of this evaluation mission and for the generous support of the evaluation team. I would
also like to thank Marc Souvignier who acted as the link between Berlin and Islamabad. In
Pakistan we enjoyed the challenges posed to us by Esther Lopez from the EcoSec department
of the ICRC. In Muzaffarabad Jean-Jerome Casabianca proved to be a considerate and
protective head of the mission and his team created a conducive environment for our task.
Without our interpreters and section experts who accompanied the team to the field and
were valuable resource persons for a multitude of questions, none of our students could
have conducted the necessary focus group discussions and interviews that led to the results
presented in this report. Therefore, I also express my sincere gratitude to Imran Mehmood
Banday (EcoSec Secretary), Arif Ayub Qureshi (MEI Team Leader), Mamoon Riaz Mughal,
Fouzia Rafiq, Amer Rasheed Malik, Mohsan Nazir (MEI Field Officers), Sayed Ali Haider Bukhari,
Rubina Shaheen Awan, and Muhammad Asif (former ICRC Field Officers).
From the Berlin group I thank all participants of this course for their motivation and diligence
in preparing the field visit, executing the empirical impact study, processing and
analyzing the data and compiling of the report. The exercise would not have been feasible
without the enthusiasm and unceasing motivation of Dr. Stefan Schuette who helped to
incorporate this joint programme into the Master Studies Programme at the Centre for Development
Studies at the Freie Universität Berlin.
Finally I would like to express my gratitude to all institutions, named and unidentified supporters
who contributed to the success of this enterprise that helped to bridge the gap
between academia and practice, between relief and development, and contributed to a
better understanding of the challenges people in Pakistan face in post-disaster and everyday
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FU DepartmentDepartment of Earth Sciences
Other affiliation(s)Centre for Development Studies (ZELF), Inst. of Geographical Sciences
Year of publication2009
Type of documentBook
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Created at2010-08-18 : 02:08:07
Last changed2014-01-23 : 04:24:29
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