nationalism; xenophobia; interpersonal relations; value systems
Interpersonal relations are shaped by the judgements associated with the social cate-
gories that individuals perceive in their social contacts. I develop a model of how those
judgments form based on a theory of symbolic values. The model depicts the interac-
tion between two values, one associated with an inherited ethnic trait ("nationality") and
one with an endogenous achievement trait ("income"). Individuals with lower cognitive
ability are predicted to invest more value on nationalism and to have hostile relations
with immigrants. Multiple equilibria are possible and better schooling may eliminate
equilibria with xenophobia. Econometric ndings based on data from three large surveys
corroborate the predictions derived from the theoretical model.
Falls Ihr Browser eine Datei nicht öffnen kann, die Datei zuerst herunterladen und dann öffnen.